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Your search:
Author = Brown, J
Limited to:National Zoological Park
Resulted in: 208 items


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Brown, Janine L. 2014. Comparative reproductive biology of elephants. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 753: 135-169. doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-0820-2_8

Cikanek, Shawna J., Nockold, Simon, Brown, Janine L., Carpenter, James W., Estrada, Angie, Guerrel, Jorge, Hope, Katherine, Ibañez, Roberto, Putman, Sarah B. and Gratwicke, Brian. 2014. Evaluating Group Housing Strategies for the Ex-Situ Conservation of Harlequin Frogs (Atelopus spp.) Using Behavioral and Physiological Indicators. Plos One, 9(2): 1-6. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0090218

Fernández, David, Doran-Sheehy, Diane, Borries, Carola and Brown, Janine L. 2014. Reproductive characteristics of wild Sanje mangabeys (Cercocebus sanjei). American Journal of Primatology, doi:10.1002/ajp.22301

Khonmee, Jaruwan, Brown, Janine L., Rojanasthien, Suvichai, Aunsusin, Anurut, Thumasanukul, Dissakul, Kongphoemphun, Adisorn, Siriaroonrat, Boripat, Tipkantha, Wanlaya, Punyapornwithaya, Veerasak and Thitaram, Chatchote. 2014. Gender, Season and Management Affect Fecal Glucocorticoid Metabolite Concentrations in Captive Goral (Naemorhedus griseus) in Thailand. Plos One, 9(3): e91633 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0091633

Khonmee, Jaruwan, Brown, Janine L., Rojanasthien, Suvichai, Thumasanukul, Dissakul, Kongphoemphun, Adisorn, Siriaroonrat, Boripat, Tipkantha, Wanlaya, Punyapornwithaya, Veerasak and Thitaram, Chatchote. 2014. Seasonality of fecal androgen and glucocorticoid metabolite excretion in male goral (Naemorhedus griseus) in Thailand. Animal Reproduction Science, 146(1/2): 70-78. doi:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2014.02.008

Khonmee, Jaruwan, Brown, Janine L., Taya, Kazuyoshi, Rojanasthien, Suvichai, Punyapornwithaya, Veerasak, Thumasanukul, Dissakul, Kongphoemphun, Adisorn, Siriaroonrat, Boripat, Tipkantha, Wanlaya, Pongpiachan, Petai and Thitaram, Chatchote. 2014. Assessment of ovarian activity in captive goral (Naemorhedus griseus) using noninvasive fecal steroid monitoring. Theriogenology, doi:10.1016/j.theriogenology.2014.07.012

Malcolm, Karl D., Mcshea, William J., Garshelis, David L., Luo, Shu-Jin, Van Deelen, Timothy R., Liu, Fang, Li, Sheng, Miao, Lin, Wang, Dajun and Brown, Janine L. 2014. Increased stress in Asiatic black bears relates to food limitation, crop raiding, and foraging beyond nature reserve boundaries in China. Global Ecology and Conservation, doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2014.09.010

Mesa-Cruz, J., Brown, Janine L. and Kelly, Marcella J. 2014. Effects of natural environmental conditions on faecal glucocorticoid metabolite concentrations in jaguars (Panthera onca) in Belize. Conservation Physiology, 2(1) doi:10.1093/conphys/cou039

Morfeld, Kari A., Ball, Ray L. and Brown, Janine L. 2014. Recurrence of hyperprolactinemia and continuation of ovarian acyclicity in captive african elephants (loxodonta africana) treated with cabergoline. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 45(3): 569-576. doi:10.1638/2013-0254R.1

Morfeld, Kari A., Lehnhardt, John, Alligood, Christina, Bolling, Jeff and Brown, Janine L. 2014. Development of a Body Condition Scoring Index for Female African Elephants Validated by Ultrasound Measurements of Subcutaneous Fat. Plos One, 9(4): 1-9. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0093802

Nájera, Fernando, Brown, Janine, Kaufman, Krystle, Schwartz, Rick, Goodrowe, Karen, Asaithanmakul, Wisit, Aitken-Palmer, Copper, Kongprom, Urarikha, Wildt, David E. and Bush, Mitchell. 2014. Swimmer Syndrome in a Clouded Leopard (Neofelis Nebulosa) Cub. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 45(2): 386-388. doi:10.1638/2012-0289R2.1

West, Kristi L., Ramer, Jan, Brown, Janine L., Sweeney, Jay, Hanahoe, Erin M., Reidarson, Tom, Proudfoot, Jeffry and Bergfelt, Don R. 2014. Thyroid hormone concentrations in relation to age, sex, pregnancy stage, and perinatal loss in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). General and Comparative Endocrinology, 197: 73-81. doi:10.1016/j.ygcen.2013.11.021

Abbondanza, Frances N., Power, Michael L., Dickson, Melissa A., Brown, Janine and Oftedal, Olav T. 2013. Variation in the Composition of Milk of Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) Throughout Lactation. Zoo Biology, 32(3): 291-298. doi:10.1002/zoo.21022

Ahlering, Marissa A., Maldonado, Jésus E., Eggert, L. S., Fleischer, Robert C., Western, D. and Brown, Janine L. 2013. Conservation outside Protected Areas and the Effect of Human-Dominated Landscapes on Stress Hormones in Savannah Elephants. Conservation Biology, 27(3): 569-575. doi:10.1111/cobi.12061

Burgess, Elizabeth A., Brown, Janine L. and Lanyon, Janet M. 2013. Sex, scarring, and stress: understanding seasonal costs in a cryptic marine mammal. Conservation Physiology, 1(1) doi:10.1093/conphys/cot014

Carlstead, Kathy, Mench, Joy A., Meehan, Cheryl and Brown, Janine L. 2013. An Epidemiological Approach to Welfare Research in Zoos: The Elephant Welfare Project. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 16(4): 319-337. doi:10.1080/10888705.2013.827915

Kiso, Wendy K., Selvaraj, Vimal, Nagashima, Jennifer, Asano, Atsushi, Brown, Janine L., Schmitt, Dennis L., Leszyk, John, Travis, Alexander J. and Pukazhenthi, Budhan S. 2013. Lactotransferrin in Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) Seminal Plasma Correlates with Semen Quality. Plos One, 8(8): e71033 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0071033

Malcolm, K. D., McShea, W. J., Van Deelen, T. R., Bacon, H. J., Liu, F., Putman, S., Zhu, X. and Brown, J. L. 2013. Analyses of fecal and hair glucocorticoids to evaluate short- and long-term stress and recovery of Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus) removed from bile farms in China. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 185: 97-106. doi:10.1016/j.ygcen.2013.01.014

Prado-Oviedo, Natalia, Malloy, Elizabeth J., Deng, Xinyi and Brown, Janine L. 2013. Hyperprolactinemia is not Associated with Hyperestrogenism in Noncycling African Elephants (Loxodonta africana). General and Comparative Endocrinology, 189: 7-14. doi:10.1016/j.ygcen.2013.03.035

Pukazhenthi, Budhan, Quse, Viviana, Hoyer, Mark, Gastelaars, Heleen Van Engeldorp and Brown, Janine L. 2013. A review of the reproductive biology and breeding management of tapirs (Tapirus sp.). Integrative Zoology, 8(1): 18-34. doi:10.1111/j.1749-4877.2012.12008.x

Scarlata, C. D., Elias, B. A., Godwin, J. R., Powell, R. A., Shepherdson, D., Shipley, L. A. and Brown, Janine L. 2013. Influence of environmental conditions and facility on faecal glucocorticoid concentrations in captive pygmy rabbits (Brachylagus idahoensis). Animal Welfare, 22(3): 357-368. doi:10.7120/09627286.22.3.357

Schwarzenberger, F. and Brown, Janine L. 2013. Hormone monitoring: An important tool for the breeding management of wildlife species. Wien Tierärztl Monat–Vet Med Austria, 100: 209-225.

Watson, Rebecca, Munro, Coralie, Edwards, Katie L., Norton, Vicki, Brown, Janine L. and Walker, Susan L. 2013. Development of a versatile enzyme immunoassay for non-invasive assessment of glucocorticoid metabolites in a diversity of taxonomic species. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 186: 16-24. doi:10.1016/j.ygcen.2013.02.001

Boedeker, Nancy C., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., Murray, Suzan, de Avila, David M. and Brown, Janine L. 2012. Effects of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone vaccine on ovarian cyclicity and uterine morphology of an Asian elephant (elephas maximus). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 43(3): 603-614. doi:10.1638/2011-0270.1

Burgess, Elizabeth A., Lanyon, Janet M., Brown, Janine L., Blyde, David and Keeley, Tamara. 2012. Diagnosing pregnancy in free-ranging dugongs using fecal progesterone metabolite concentrations and body morphometrics: a population application. General and comparative endocrinology, 177(1): 82-92. doi:10.1016/j.ygcen.2012.02.008

Conforti, Valéria A., Morato, Ronaldo G., Augusto, Anderson M., de Oliveira, e. Sousa, de Avila, David M., Brown, Janine L. and Reeves, Jerry J. 2012. Noninvasive monitoring of adrenocortical function in captive jaguars (Panthera onca). Zoo biology, 31(4): 426-441. doi:10.1002/zoo.20409

Dow, T. L. and Brown, J. L. 2012. Evidence that hyperprolactinaemia is associated with ovarian acyclicity in female zoo African elephants. Reprod.Fertil.Dev., 24(8): 1019-1027. doi:10.1071/RD11302

Ganswindt, André, Brown, Janine L., Freeman, Elizabeth W., Kouba, Andrew J., Penfold, Linda M., Santymire, Rachel M., Vick, Mandi M., Wielebnowski, Nadja, Willis, Erin L. and Milnes, Matthew R. 2012. International Society for Wildlife Endocrinology: the future of endocrine measures for reproductive science, animal welfare and conservation biology. Biology Letters, 8(5): 695-697. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2011.1181

Glaeser, S. S., Hunt, K. E., Martin, M. S., Finnegan, M. and Brown, Janine L. 2012. Investigation of individual and group variability in estrous cycle characteristics in female Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) at the Oregon Zoo. Theriogenology, 78(2): 285-296. doi:10.1016/j.theriogenology.2012.01.014

Kiso, Wendy K., Asano, Atsushi, Travis, Alexander J., Schmitt, Dennis L., Brown, Janine L. and Pukazhenthi, Budhan S. 2012. Pretreatment of Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) spermatozoa with cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrins and glycerol addition at 4°C improves cryosurvival. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 24(8): 1134-1142. doi:10.1071/RD11266

Scarlata, Candace D., Elias, Becky A., Godwin, John R., Powell, Roger A., Shepherdson, David, Shipley, Lisa A. and Brown, Janine L. 2012. Relationship between fecal hormone concentrations and reproductive success in captive pygmy rabbits (Brachylagus idahoensis). Journal of mammalogy, 93(3): 759-770. doi:10.1644/11-MAMM-A-223.1

Sobolewski, Marissa E., Brown, Janine L. and Mitani, John C. 2012. Female parity, male aggression, and the Challenge Hypothesis in wild chimpanzees. Primates, 54(1): 81-88. doi:10.1007/s10329-012-0332-4

Sobolewski, Marissa E., Brown, Janine L. and Mitani, John C. 2012. Territoriality, tolerance and testosterone in wild chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour, 84(6): 1469-1474. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2012.09.018

Brown, Janine L. 2011. Female reproductive cycles of wild female felids. Animal Reproduction Science, 124(3-4): 155-162. doi:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2010.08.024

Dow, T. L., Holásková, I. and Brown, Janine L. 2011. Results of the third reproductive assessment survey of north American Asian (Elephas maximus) and African (Loxodonta africana) female elephants. Zoo biology, 30(6): 699-711. doi:10.1002/zoo.20377

Dow, T. L., Roudebush, W., Parker, F. N. and Brown, Janine L. 2011. Influence of age and gender on secretion of anti-Müllerian hormone in Asian (Elephas maximus) and African (Loxodonta africana) elephants. Theriogenology, 75(4): 620-627. doi:10.1016/j.theriogenology.2010.10.002

Freeman, Elizabeth W., Meyer, Jordana M., Putman, Sarah, Schulte, Bruce A. and Brown, Janine L. 2011. Using a simplified field progestagen method to assess ovarian activity in female African elephants. Biological Conservation, 144(8): 2105-2111. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2011.04.033

Kersey, David C., Wildt, David E., Brown, Janine L., Snyder, Rebecca J., Huang, Yan and Monfort, Steven L. 2011. Rising fecal glucocorticoid concentrations track reproductive activity in the female giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). General and comparative endocrinology, 173(2): 364-370. doi:10.1016/j.ygcen.2011.06.013

Kiso, Wendy K., Brown, Janine L., Siewerdt, Frank, Schmitt, Dennis L., Olson, Deborah, Crichton, Elizabeth G. and Pukazhenthi, Budhan. 2011. Liquid Semen Storage in Elephants (Elephas maximus and Loxodonta africana): Species Differences and Storage Optimization. Journal of andrology, 32(4): 420-431. doi:10.2164/jandrol.110.011460

Mouttham, L. L., Buhr, M., Freeman, Elizabeth W., Widowski, T. M., Graham, L. H. and Brown, Janine L. 2011. Interrelationship of serum testosterone, dominance and ovarian cyclicity status in female African elephants. Animal Reproduction Science, 126(1-2): 115-121. doi:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2011.04.006

Rudert, S., Brown, Janine L., Gansloßer, U., Möbius, G. and Songsasen, Nucharin. 2011. Activity pattern, reproductive behaviors and gonadal hormones in the raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides). Zoo Biology, 30(2): 134-148. doi:10.1002/zoo.20315

Santymire, Rachel M., Brown, Janine L., Stewart, Rosemary A., Santymire, Robb C., Wildt, David E. and Howard, JoGayle. 2011. Reproductive gonadal steroidogenic activity in the fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) assessed by fecal steroid analyses. Animal Reproduction Science, 128(1-4): 60-72. doi:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2011.09.001

Scarlata, Candace D., Elias, Becky A., Godwin, John R., Powell, Roger A., Shepherdson, David, Shipley, Lisa A. and Brown, Janine L. 2011. Characterizing gonadal and adrenal activity by fecal steroid analyses in pygmy rabbits (Brachylagus idahoensis). General and comparative endocrinology, 171: 373-380.

Brown, Janine L., Kersey, David C. and Walker, Susan L. 2010. Assessment of luteinizing hormone and prolactin immunoactivity in Asian and African elephant urine using assays validated for serum. General and comparative endocrinology, 169(2): 138-143. doi:10.1016/j.ygcen.2010.08.007

Brown, Janine L., Kersey, David C., Freeman, Elizabeth and Wagener, T. 2010. Assessment of diurnal urinary cortisol excretion in Asian and African elephants using different endocrine methods. Zoo biology, 29: 274-283.

Dorsey, Candice, Dennis, Patricia, Guagnano, Gregory, Wood, Thomas and Brown, Janine L. 2010. Decreased Baseline Fecal Glucocorticoid Concentrations Associated with Skin and Oral Lesions in Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 41(4): 616-625. doi:10.1638/2009-0162.1

Dorsey, Candice, Dennis, Patrick, Fascetti, Andrea J., Wood, Tom and Brown, Janine L. 2010. Hypoaminoacidemia is not associated with ulcerative lesions in Black rhinoceroses, Diceros bicornis. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 41(1): 22-27. doi:10.1638/2008-0188.1

Freeman, Elizabeth, Abbondanza, F. N., Meyer, Jordana M., Schulte, Bruce A. and Brown, Janine L. 2010. A simplified method for monitoring progestagens in African elephants under field conditions. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 1: 86-91.

Freeman, Elizabeth, Schulte, B. A. and Brown, Janine L. 2010. Investigating the impact of rank and ovarian activity on the social behavior of captive female African elephants. Zoo biology, 29: 154-167.

Freeman, Elizabeth, Schulte, B. A. and Brown, Janine L. 2010. Using behavioral observations and keeper questionnaires to assess social relationships among captive female African elephants. Zoo biology, 29: 140-153.

Kersey, David C., Wildt, David E., Brown, Janine L., Huang, Yan, Snyder, Rebecca J. and Monfort, Steven L. 2010. Parallel and seasonal changes in gonadal and adrenal hormones in male giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Journal of Mammalogy, 91(6): 1496-1507. doi:10.1644/09-MAMM-A-404.1

Kersey, David C., Wildt, David E., Brown, Janine L., Snyder, R. J., Huang, Y. and Monfort, Steven L. 2010. Unique Biphasic Progestagen Profile in Parturient and Nonparturient Giant Pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) as Determined by Faecal Hormone Monitoring. Reproduction, 140: 183-193.

Kersey, David C., Wildt, David E., Brown, Janine L., Snyder, Rebecca J., Huang, Yan and Monfort, Steven L. 2010. Endocrine milieu of perioestrus in the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), as determined by non-invasive hormone measures. Reproduction, Fertility, and Development, 22: 901-912.

Proctor, Christine, Freeman, Elizabeth and Brown, Janine L. 2010. Influence of dominance status on adrenal activity and ovarian cyclicity status in captive African elephants. Zoo biology, 29: 168-178.

Proctor, Christine, Freeman, Elizabeth and Brown, Janine L. 2010. Results of a second survey to assess the reproductive status of female Asian and African elephants in North America. Zoo biology, 29: 127-139.

Soltis, J. and Brown, Janine L. 2010. Special Issue Editorial - The care and welfare of elephants in AZA Institutions. Zoo biology, 29: 85-86.

Stewart, R. A., Pelican, K. M., Brown, Janine L., Wildt, David E., Ottinger, M. A. and Howard, JoGayle. 2010. Oral progestin induces rapid, reversible suppression of ovarian activity in the cat. General and comparative endocrinology, 166(2): 409-416. doi:10.1016/j.ygcen.2009.12.016

Wildt, David E., Swanson, William F., Brown, Janine L., Sliwa, Alexander and Vargas, Astrid. 2010. Felids ex situ: managed programmes, research, and species recovery. In: Macdonald, David W. and Loveridge, Andrew J., Biology and Conservation of Wild Felids. England; Cambridge, MA: Oxford University Press; Harvard University Press,(Wildland and Woodlands: A Forest Vision for New England) pp.217-235.

Bernstein, R. M., Nadler, T., Brown, Janine L. and Fourie, N. H. 2009. Variation in fecal glucocorticoid concentrations in captive red-shanked douc langurs (Pygathrix nemaeius). Vietnamese Journal of Primatology, 3: 65-74.

Brown, Janine L. 2009. Comparative endocrinology of domestic and nondomestic felids. In: Breitenmoser, U., Iberian Lynx Ex-situ Conservation: An interdisciplinary approach.. Madrid, Spain: Fundación Biodiversidad, pp.329-340.

Freeman, E. W., Guagnano, G., Olson, D., Keele, M. and Brown, Janine L. 2009. Social Factors Influence Ovarian Acyclicity in Captive African Elephants (Loxodonta africana). Zoo biology, 28(1): 1-15. doi:10.1002/zoo.20187

Freeman, Elizabeth W., Whyte, Ian and Brown, Janine L. 2009. Reproductive evaluation of elephants culled in Kruger National Park, South Africa between 1975 and 1995. African Journal of Ecology, 47: 192-201.

Pelican, K. M., Abaigar, T., Vargas, A., Rodriguez, J. M., Bergara, J., Rivas, A., Lopez, J. and Brown, Janine L. 2009. Unusual gonadal hormone profiles in the Iberian lynx as determined by fecal monitoring. In: Breitenmoser, U., Iberian Lynx Ex-situ Conservation: An interdisciplinary approach.. Madrid, Spain: Fundación Biodiversidad, pp.341-352.

Thitaram, C., Pongsopawijit, P., Chansitthiwet, S., Brown, Janine L., Nimtragul, K., Boonprasert, K., Homkong, P., Mahasawangkul, S., Rojanasthien, S., Colenbrander, B., van der Weijden, G. C. and van Eerdenburg, F. J. 2009. Induction of the ovulatory LH surge in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus): A novel aid in captive breeding management of an endangered species. Reproduction, Fertility, and Development, 21: 672-678.

Thitaram, Chatchote, Chansitthiwet, Saran, Pongsopawijit, Pornsawan, Brown, Janine L., Wongkalasin, Waroot, Daram, Prachayarat, Roongsri, Ronnachit, Kalmapijit, Anchalee, Mahasawangkul, Sittidet, Rojanasthien, Suvichai, Colenbrander, Ben, van der Weijden, Gysbert C. and van Eerdenburg, Frank J. C. M. 2009. Use of genital inspection and female urine tests to detect oestrus in captive Asian elephants. Animal Reproduction Science, 115(1-4): 267-278. doi:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2008.11.017

Wildt, David E., Howard, JoGayle, Pelican, K., Brown, J. and Pukazhenthi, Budhan. 2009. Contributions of reproductive science to wild felid conservation. In: Breitenmoser, U., Iberian Lynx Ex-situ Conservation: An interdisciplinary approach.. Madrid, Spain: Fundación Biodiversidad, pp.

Anderson-Teixeira, Kristina J., Vitousek, Peter M. and Brown, James H. 2008. Amplified Temperature Dependence in Ecosystems Developing on the Lava Flows of Mauna Loa, Hawai'i. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105(1): 228-233. doi:10.1073/pnas.0710214104

Brown, Janine L., Wielebnowski, N. and Cheeran, J. 2008. Challenges with identifying and evaluating pain, distress and suffering in elephants. In: Wemmer, Christen M. and Christen, Catherine A., Elephants and Ethics: Toward a Morality of Coexistence. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp.121-148.

Freeman, E. W., Whyte, I. and Brown, Janine L. 2008. Reproductive evaluation of elephants culled in Kruger National Park, South African between 1975 and 1995. African Journal of Ecology, 47: 192-201.

Munshi-South, Jason, Tchignoumba, L., Brown, J., Abbondanza, N., Maldonado, Jesús E., Henderson, A. and Alfonso, A. 2008. Physiological indicators of stress in African forest elephants (Loxodonta africana cyclotis) in relation to petroleum operations in Gabon, Central Africa. Diversity and Distributions, 14: 995-1003.

Thitaram, C., Brown, Janine L., Pongsopawijit, P., Chansitthiwet, S., Wongkalasin, W., Daram, P., Roongsri, R., Kulmapijit, A., Mahasawangkul, S., Rojanasathien, S., Colenbrander, B., van der Weijden, G. C. and van Eerdenberg,F. J. C. M. 2008. Seasonal effects on the endocrine pattern of the semi-captive female Asian elephant (Elephas maximus): timing of the luteinizing hormone surge determines the length of the estrous cycle. Theriogenology, 69: 237-244.

Van Meter, P. E., French, J. A., Bidali, K., Weldele, M. L., Brown, Janine L. and Holekamp, K. E. 2008. Non-invasive measurement of fecal estrogens in the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta). General and Comparative Endocrinology, 155(2): 464-471. doi:10.1016/j.ygcen.2007.08.002

Brown, Janine L., Somerville, M., Riddle, H., Keele, M. and Freeman, E. W. 2007. Comparative endocrinology of testicular, adrenal and thyroid function in Asian and African elephant bulls. General and comparative endocrinology, 151: 153-162.

Cummings, D., Brown, Janine L., Rodden, Melissa D. and Songsasen, Nucharin. 2007. Behavioral and physiologic responses to environmental enrichment in the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus). Zoo Biology, 26(5): 331-343. doi:10.1002/zoo.20138

Moreira, N., Brown, Janine L., Moraes, W., Swanson, William F. and Monteiro, E. L. A. 2007. Effect of housing and environmental enrichment on adrenocortical activity, Behavior and reproductive Cyclicity in the female tigrina (Leopardus tigrinus) and margay (Leopardus wiedii). Zoo biology, 26(6): 441-460. doi:10.1002/zoo.20139

Newell-Fugate, A., Kennedy-Stoskopf, S., Brown, Janine L., Levine, J. F. and Swanson, William F. 2007. Seminal and endocrine characteristics of male Pallas' cats (Otocolobus manul) maintained under artificial lighting with simulated natural photoperiods. Zoo biology, 28: 187-199.

Anderson, K. J., Allen, A. P., Gillooly, J. F. and Brown, J. H. 2006. Temperature-dependence of biomass accumulation rates during secondary succession. Ecology Letters, 9(6): 673-682. doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2006.00914.x

Ball, R. and Brown, Janine L. 2006. Preliminary results of a cabergoline trial in captive elephants with hyperprolactinemia. In: Proceedings, Elephant International Conservation and Research Symposium. pp.9

Brown, Janine L. 2006. Reproductive endocrinology. In: Mikota, S. and Fowler, M., The Biology, Medicine and Surgery of Elephants. Ames, IA: Blackwell Publishing, pp.377-388.

Brown, Janine L. 2006. Comparative endocrinology of domestic and nondomestic felids. Theriogenology, 66: 25-36.

Brown, Janine L., Freeman, E. W. and Duce, C. 2006. Update on the reproductive status of female Asian and African elephants in the SSP. In: Proceedings, Elephant International Conservation and Research Symposium. pp.13

Freeman, E. W., Brown, Janine L. and Whyte, I. 2006. Reproductive success of elephants in Kruger National Park, South Africa (1976-1995). In: Proceedings, Elephant International Conservation and Research Symposium. pp.20

Graham, L. H., Byers, A. P., Armstrong, D. L., Loskutoff, N. M., Swanson, William F., Wildt, David E. and Brown, Janine L. 2006. Natural and gonadotropin-induced ovarian activity in tigers (Panthera tigris) assessed by fecal steroid analysis. General and comparative endocrinology, 147: 362-370.

Hildebrandt, Thomas B., Brown, Janine L., Goritz, Frank, Ochs, A., Morris, P. and Sutherland-Smith, M. 2006. Ultrasonography to assess and enhance health and reproduction in the giant panda. In: Wildt, David E., Zhang, A., Zhang, H., Janssen, D. L. and Ellis, S., Giant Pandas: Biology, Veterinary Medicine and Management. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.410-439.

Hildebrandt, Thomas B., Brown, Janine L., Jewgenow, K. and Goeritz, Frank. 2006. Use of ultrasound to study and augment reproduction in the giant panda. In: Wildt, David E., Zhang, A., Zhang, H., Janssen, D. L. and Ellis, S., Giant Pandas: Biology, Veterinary Medicine and Management. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.410-439.

Hildebrandt, Thomas B., Goritz, Frank, Hermes, F., Reid, C., Dehnhard, M. and Brown, Janine L. 2006. Aspects of reproductive biology and breeding management of elephants. International Zoo Yearbook, 40(1): 20-40. doi:10.1111/j.1748-1090.2006.00020.x

Powell, David M., Carlstead, Kathy J., Tarou, Loraine, Brown, Janine L. and Monfort, Steven L. 2006. Effects of construction noise on behavior and cortisol levels in a pair of captive giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Zoo biology, 25: 391-408.

Songsasen, Nucharin, Rodden, Melissa D., Brown, Janine L. and Wildt, David E. 2006. Patterns of fecal gonadal hormone metabolites in the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus). Theriogenology, 66: 1743-1750.

Bradshaw, I. G. A., Schore, A. N., Brown, Janine L., Poole, J. H. and Moss, C. J. 2005. Elephant breakdown. Social trauma: Early disruption of attachment can affect the physiology, behavior and culture of animals and humans over generations. Nature, 433: 807

Brown, M., Lappin, M. R., Brown, Janine L., Munkhtsog, B. and Swanson, William F. 2005. Exploring the ecological basis for extreme susceptibility of Pallas' cats (Otocolobus manul) to fatal toxoplasmosis. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 41: 691-700.

Carlstead, Kathy J. and Brown, Janine L. 2005. Relationships Between Patterns of Fecal Corticoid Excretion and Behavior, Reproduction, and Environmental Factors in Captive Black (Diceros bicornis) and White (Ceratotherium simum) Rhinoceros. Zoo biology, 24: 215-232.

Deem, Sharon L., Brown, Janine L., Eggert, L., Wemmer, Christen M., Htun, W., Nyunt, T., Murray, Suzan and Leimgruber, Peter. 2005. Health and management of working elephants in Myanmar (Burma). .

Pelican, K. M., Brown, Janine L., Wildt, David E., Ottinger, M. A. and Howard, JoGayle. 2005. Short term suppression of follicular recruitment and spontaneous ovulation in the cat using levonorgestrel versus a GnRH antagonist. General and comparative endocrinology, 144: 110-121.

Sanson, G., Brown, Janine L. and Farstad, W. 2005. Noninvasive fecal steroid monitoring of ovarian and adrenal activity in farmed blue fox (Alopex lagopus) females during late pregnancy, parturition and lactation onset. Animal Reproduction Science, 87: 309-319.

Steinetz, Bernard G., Brown, Janine L., Roth, Terri L. and Czekala, Nancy. 2005. Relaxin Concentrations in Serum and Urine of Endangered Species. Correlations with Physiologic Events and Use As a Marker of Pregnancy. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1041: 367-368.

Brown, Janine L. and Schmitt, D. L. 2004. The unusual reproductive anatomy and physiology of the elephant, and challenges with developing artificial insemination. Sci.India, 7: 27-32.

Brown, Janine L., Goeritz, Frank, Pratt-Hawes, N., Hermes, Robert, Galloway, M., Graham, L. H., Gray, C., Walker, S. L., Gomez, A. and Moreland, R. 2004. Successful Artificial Insemination of an Asian Elephant at the National Zoological Park. Zoo biology, 23(1): 45-64.

Brown, Janine L., Olson, D., Keele, M. and Freeman, E. W. 2004. Survey of the Reproductive Cyclicity Status of Asian and African Elephants in North America. Zoo biology, 23: 309-321.

Brown, Janine L., Walker, S. L. and Moeller, T. 2004. Comparative endocrinology of cycling and noncycling Asian (Elephas maximus) and African (Loxodonta africana) elephants. General and comparative endocrinology, 136(3): 360-370.

Brown, Janine L., Wielebnowski, N. and Cheeran, J. V. 2004. Evaluating stress and well-being in elephants: Are we doing all we can to make sure elephants are well cared for? Sci.India, 7: 88-93.

Freeman, E., Weiss, E. and Brown, J. 2004. Examination of the interrelationships of behavior, dominance status, and ovarian activity in captive Asian and African elephants. Zoo biology, 23: 431-448.

Gomez, A., Jewell, E., Walker, S. L. and Brown, Janine L. 2004. Use of salivary steroid analysis to assess ovarian cycles in the Indian rhinoceros. Zoo biology, 23: 501-512.

Graham, L. H., Swanson, William F., Wildt, David E. and Brown, Janine L. 2004. Influence of oral melatonin on natural and gonadotropin-induced ovarian function in the domestic cat. Theriogenology, 61: 1061-1076.

Meyer, J., Walker, S. L., Freeman, E. W., Steinetz, B. and Brown, Janine L. 2004. Species and fetal gender effects on the endocrinology of pregnancy in elephants. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 138: 263-270.

Swanson, William F. and Brown, Janine L. 2004. International training programs in reproductive sciences for conservation of Latin American felids. Animal Reproduction Science, 82-83: 21-34.

Young, K. M., Walker, S. L., Lanthier, C., Waddell, W. T., Monfort, Steven L. and Brown, Janine L. 2004. Noninvasive monitoring of adrenocortical activity in carnivores by fecal gluccorticoid analyses. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 137(2): 148-165.

Czekala, N. M., MacDonald, E. A., Steinman, K., Walker, S., Garrigues II, N. W., Olson, D. and Brown, Janine L. 2003. Estrogen and LH dynamics during the follicular phase of the estrous cycle in the Asian elephant. Zoo biology, 22: 443-454.

Hildebrandt, Thomas B., Brown, Janine L., Hermes, Robert and Goeritz, Frank. 2003. Ultrasound for the analysis of reproductive function in wildlife. In: Holt, W. V., Pickard, A. R., Roger, J. C. and Wildt, David E., Reproductive Sciences and Integrated Conservation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.166-182.

Terio, K. A., Marker, L., Overstrom, E. W. and Brown, Janine L. 2003. Ovarian and adrenal activity in Namibian cheetahs. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 32(2): 71-78.

Brown, Janine L., Goeritz, Frank, Hermes, Robert, Gray, C., Pratt-Hawkes, N., Lehnhardt, J., Galloway, M., Schmitt, D., Flynn, D., Royals, S., Belitz, L., FLinkman, D., Murray, Suzan, Spelman, Lucy H., Reser, B., Montali, Richard J., Beck, Benjamin B. and Hildebrandt, Thomas Bernd. 2002. So you want to AI an elephant? Some advice and thoughts from the team that produced an AI calf at the National Zoological Park. Journal of the Elephant Managers Association, 13: 63-77.

Brown, Janine L., Graham, L. H., Wu, J., Collins, D. and Swanson, W. M. 2002. Reproductive endocrine responses to photoperiod and exogenous gonadotropins in the Pallas' cat (Otocolobus manul). Zoo biology, 21: 347-364.

Morais, R. N., Mucciolo, R. G., Gomes, M. L. F., Lacerda, O., Moraes, W., Moreira, M., Graham, L. H., Swanson, William F. and Brown, Janine L. 2002. Seasonal analysis of seminal characteristics, serum testosterone and fecal androgens in the ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), margay (L. wiedii) and tigrina (L. tigrinus). Theriogenology, 57: 2027-2041.

Terio, K. S., Brown, Janine L., Moreland, R. and Munson, L. 2002. Comparison of different drying and storage methods on quantifiable concentrations of fecal steroids in the cheetah. Zoo biology, 21: 215-222.

Wielebnowski, N. C., Fletchall, N., Carlstead, Kathy J., Busso, J. M. and Brown, Janine L. 2002. Non-invasive assessment of adrenal activity associated with husbandry and behavioral factors in the North American clouded leopard population. Zoo biology, 21: 77-98.

Wielebnowski, N. C., Ziegler, K., Wildt, David E., Lukas, J. and Brown, Janine L. 2002. Impact of social management on reproductive, adrenal and behavioral activity in the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus). Animal Conservation, 5: 291-301.

Brown, Janine L., Bellem, A. C., Fouraker, M., Wildt, David E. and Roth, Terri L. 2001. Comparative analysis of gonadal and adrenal activity in the black and white rhinoceros in North America by non-invasive endocrine monitoring. Zoo biology, 20(6): 463-486.

Brown, Janine L., Graham, L. H., Wielebnowski, N., Swanson, William F., Wildt, David E. and Howard, JoGayle. 2001. Understanding the basic reproductive biology of wild felids by monitoring faecal steroids. In: Concannon, P. W., England, G. C. W., Farstad, W., Linde-Forsberg, C., Verstegen, J. P. and Doberksa, C., Advances in Reproduction in Dogs, Cats and Exotic Carnivores. Colchester: Journals of Reproduction and Fertility, Ltd, pp.71-82.

Moreira, N., Monteiro-Filho, E. L. A., Moraes, W., Swanson, William F., Graham, L. H., Pasquali, O. L., Gomes, M. L. F., Morais, R. N., Wildt, David E. and Brown, Janine L. 2001. Reproductive steroid hormones and ovarian activity in felids of the Leopardus genus. Zoo biology, 20: 103-116.

Roth, Terri L., O'Brien, J. K., McRae, M. A., Bellem, A. C., Romo, S. J., Kroll, J. L. and Brown, Janine L. 2001. Ultrasound and endocrine evaluation of the ovarian cycle and early pregnancy in the Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumtrensis). Reproduction, 121: 139-149.

Wildt, David E., Brown, Janine L. and Howard, JoGayle. 2001. Role of reproductive sciences in carnivore conservation. In: Gittleman, J. L., Funk, S. M., MacDonald, D. W. and Wayne, Robert K., Carnivore Conservation. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, pp.359-371.

Young, K. M., Brown, Janine L. and Goodrowe, K. L. 2001. Characterization of female reproductive cycles and adrenal activity in the black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes) by fecal hormone analysis. Zoo biology, 20: 517-536.

Brown, Janine L. 2000. Introduction to the special issue on elephant biology. Zoo Biology, 19(5): 297-298.

Brown, Janine L. 2000. Reproductive endocrine monitoring of elephants: An essential tool for assisting captive management. Zoo biology, 19(5): 347-367.

Graham, L. H., Swanson, William F. and Brown, Janine L. 2000. Chorionic gonadotropin administration in domestic cats causes an abnormal endocrine environment that disrupts oviductal embryo transport. Theriogenology, 54: 1117-1131.

Hermes, R., Olson, D., Goritz, F., Brown, Janine L., Schmitt, D. L., Hagan, D., Peterson, J. S., Fritsch, G. and Hildebrandt, Thomas Bernd. 2000. Ultrasonography of the estrous cycle in female African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Zoo biology, 19: 369-382.

Hildebrandt, Thomas B., Goritz, F., Pratt, N. C., Brown, Janine L., Montali, Richard J., Schmitt, D. L., Fritsch, G. and Hermes, R. 2000. Ultrasonography of the urogenital tract in elephants (Loxodonta africana and Elephant maximus): An important tool for assessing female reproductive function. Zoo biology, 19(5): 321-332.

Hildebrandt, Thomas B., Hermes, R., Pratt, N. C., Fritsch, G., Blottner, S., Schmitt, D. L., Ratanakorn, P., Brown, Janine L., Rietschel, W. and Goritz, F. 2000. Ultrasonography of the urogenital tract in elephants (Loxodonta africana and Elephant maximus): An important tool for assessing male reproductive function. Zoo biology, 19(5): 333-346.

Wasser, S. K., Hunt, K. E., Brown, Janine L., Crockett, C., Bechert, U., Millspaugh, J., Larson, S. and Monfort, Steven L. 2000. A generalized fecal flucocorticoid assay for use in a diverse array of non-domestic mammalian and avian species. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 120: 260-275.

Brown, Janine L. 1999. Difficulties associated with diagnosis and treatment of ovarian dysfunction in elephants -- the flatliner problem. Journal of the Elephant Managers Association, 20: 55-61.

Brown, Janine L. 1999. Problems with ovarian dysfunction in elephants. Biology of Reproduction.

Brown, Janine L., Hildebrandt, W., Theison, W. and Neiffer, D. L. 1999. Endocrine and ultrasound evaluation of a non-cycling African elephant: identification of a follicular ovarian cyst. Zoo biology, 18: 223-232.

Brown, Janine L., Schmitt, D. L., Bellem, A., Graham, L. H. and Lehnhardt, J. 1999. Hormone secretion in the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus): characterization of ovulatory and anovulatory LH surges. Biology of Reproduction, 61: 1294-1299.

Long, J. A., Graham, L. H., Bellem, A., Brown, Janine L. and Roberts, B. 1999. Potential use of a vasectomized male tiger for artificial insemination of the Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) during natural estrus. Bethesda, MD: AZA.

McIninch, M. D., Bellem, A., MacDonald, S. E., Goodrowe, K. L., Brown, Janine L., Graham, L. H. and Roth, Terri L. 1999. Monitoring fecal progestogen metabolites in the Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) by enzymeimmunoassay. Cincinnati, OH: .

Terio, K. S., Citino, Scott B. and Brown, Janine L. 1999. Fecal corticoid metabolite analysis for non-invasive monitoring of adrenocortical function in the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 30(4): 484-491.

Brown, Janine L. and Wildt, David E. 1998. The role of reproduction in conservation science. Animal Reproduction, 53: 1-2.

Carden, M., Schmitt, D., Tomasi, T., Bradford, J., Moll, D. and Brown, Janine L. 1998. Utility of serum progesterone and prolactin analysis for assessing reproductive status in the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). Animal Reproduction Science, 53: 133-142.

Niemuller, C., Brown, Janine L. and Hodges, J. K. 1998. Reproduction in elephants. In: Knobil, E. and Neill, J., Encyclopedia of Reproduction. New York: Academic Press, pp.1018-1029.

Wielebnowski, N. and Brown, Janine L. 1998. Behavioral correlates of physiological estrus in cheetahs. Zoo biology, 17(3): 193-209.

Wildt, David E., Brown, Janine L. and Swanson, William F. 1998. Reproduction in cats. In: Knobil, E. and Neill, J., Encyclopedia of Reproduction. New York: Academic Press, pp.497-510.

Brown, Janine L. 1997. Fecal steroid profiles in male and female black-footed ferrets exposed to natural photoperiod. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Management, 61: 4-11.

Brown, Janine L. and Lehnhardt, J. 1997. Secretory patterns of serum prolactin in Asian (Elephas maximus) and African (Loxodonta africana) elephants during different reproductive states: Comparison with concentrations in a non-cycling African elephant. Zoo biology, 16: 149-159.

Brown, Janine L. and Wildt, David E. 1997. Development of faecal steroid analysis for assessing ovarian function in non-domestic felid species. International Zoo Yearbook, 35: 173-191.

Brown, Janine L. and Wildt, David E. 1997. Assessing reproductive status in wild felids by non-invasive faecal steroid monitoring. International Zoo Yearbook, 35: 173-191.

Brown, Janine L., Wasser, S. K., Wildt, David E., Graham, L. H. and Monfort, Steven L. 1997. Faecal steroid analysis for monitoring ovarian and testicular function in diverse carnivore, primate and ungulate species. International Journal of Mammalian Biology, Proc.Suppl., II: 27-31.

Graham, L. H. and Brown, Janine L. 1997. Non-invasive assessment of gonadal and adrenocortical function in felid species via fecal steroid analysis. International Journal of Mammalian Biology, Suppl. II: 78-82.

Swanson, William F., Wolfe, B. A., Brown, Janine L., Martin-Jimenez, T., Riviere, J. E., Roth, Terri L. and Wildt, David E. 1997. Pharmacokinetics and ovarian stimulatory effect of equine and human chorionic gonadotropins administered singly and in combination in the domestic cat. Biology of Reproduction, 57: 295-302.

Brown, Janine L., Terio, K. A. and Graham, L. H. 1996. Fecal androgen metabolite analysis for non-invasive monitoring of testicular steroidogenic activity in felids. Zoo biology, 15: 425-434.

Brown, Janine L., Wildt, David E., Wielebnowski, N., Goodrowe, K. L., Wells, S., Graham, L. H. and Howard, JoGayle. 1996. Reproductive activity in captive female cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) assessed by faecal steroids. Journal of reproduction and fertility, 106: 337-346.

Graham, L. H. and Brown, Janine L. 1996. Cortisol metabolism in the domestic cat and implications for developing a non-invasive measure of adrenocorticol activity in non-domestic felids. Zoo biology, 15: 71-82.

Howard, JoGayle, Byers, A. P., Brown, Janine L., Barrett, S. J., Evans, M. Z., Schwartz, R. J. and Wildt, David E. 1996. Successful ovulation induction and laparoscopic intrauterine artificial insemination in the clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa). Zoo biology, 15: 55-69.

Munson, L., Brown, Janine L., Bush, R. Mitchell, Packer, C., Jansen, D., Reiziss, S. M. and Wildt, David E. 1996. Genetic diversity affects testicular morphology in free-ranging lions (Panthera leo) of the Serengeti Plains and Ngorongoro Crater. Journal of reproduction and fertility, 108(1): 11-15.

Stillwell, H. J., Brown, Janine L. and Graham, L. H. 1996. Assessment of a commercially available radioimmunoassay for the detection of fecal cortisol metabolites in several non-domestic felid species. .

Swanson, William F., Brown, Janine L. and Wildt, David E. 1996. Influence of seasonality on reproductive traits in the male Pallas cat (Felis manul) and implications for captive management. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 27(2): 234-240.

Swanson, William F., Howard, JoGayle, Roth, Terri L., Brown, Janine L., Alvarado, M., Burton, M., Starnes, D. and Wildt, David E. 1996. Responsiveness of ovaries to exogenous gonadotrophins and laparoscopic artificial insemination with frozen-thawed spermatozoa in ocelots (Felis pardalis). Journal of reproduction and fertility, 106: 87-94.

Wasser, S. L., Papageorge, S., Foley, C. and Brown, Janine L. 1996. Excretory fate of estradiol and progesterone in the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) and pattern of fecal steroid concentrations throughout the estrous cycle. General and comparative endocrinology, 102: 255-262.

Brown, Janine L. and Lehnhardt, J. 1995. Serum and urinary hormones during pregnancy and the peri- and postpartum period in an Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). Zoo biology, 14: 555-564.

Brown, Janine L., Wemmer, Christen M. and Lehnhardt, J. 1995. Urinary cortisol analysis for monitoring adrenal activity in elephants. Zoo biology, 14: 533-542.

Brown, Janine L., Wildt, David E., Graham, L. H., Byers, A. P., Collins, L., Barrett, S. and Howard, JoGayle. 1995. Natural versus chorionic gonadotropin-induced ovarian responses in the clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa assessed by fecal steroid analysis. Biology of Reproduction, 53: 93-102.

Monfort, Steven L., Brown, Janine L., Wood, T. C., Bush, R. Mitchell, Williamson, L. R. and Wildt, David E. 1995. Effects of long-term continuous GnRH administration on the pituitary-gonadal axis in Eld's deer stags (Cervus eldi thamin). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 73: 1609-1619.

Swanson, William F., Roth, Terri L., Brown, Janine L. and Wildt, David E. 1995. Relationship of circulating steroid hormones, luteal luteinizing hormone receptor and progesterone concentration, and embryo mortality during early embryogenesis in the domestic cat. Biology of Reproduction, 53: 1022-1029.

Wildt, David E., Pukazhenthi, Budhan, Brown, Janine L., Monfort, Steven L., Howard, JoGayle and Roth, Terri L. 1995. Spermatology for understanding, managing and conserving rare species. Reproduction, Fertility, and Development, 7: 811-824.

Barone, Mark A., Roelke, Melody E., Howard, JoGayle, Brown, Janine L., Anderson, Allen E. and Wildt, David E. 1994. Reproductive characteristics of male Florida panther: comparative studies from Florida, Texas, Colorado, Latin America and North American zoos. Journal of Mammalogy, 75(1): 150-162.

Brown, Janine L., Citino, Scott B., Shaw, J. and Miller, C. L. 1994. Circulating steroid concentrations during the estrous cycle and pregnancy in the Baird's tapir (Tapirus bairdii). Zoo biology, 13: 107-118.

Brown, Janine L., Graham, L. H. and Wildt, David E. 1994. Update on fecal steroid metabolite monitoring in felids. .

Brown, Janine L., Schoenemann, H. M. and Chakraborty, P. K. 1994. Pituitary and gonadal responses to hemicastration : A model for investigating the regulation of testicular function. Current Trends in Experimental Endocrinology, 2: 41-56.

Brown, Janine L., Schoenemann, H. M. and Chakraborty, P. K. 1994. Follicular fluid administration delayed, but did not prevent, the hemicastration-induced increase in serum follicle-stimulating hormone secretion and compensatory testicular hypertrophy in the ram lamb. Biology of Reproduction, 50: 44-48.

Brown, Janine L., Schoenemann, H. M., Raath, J. P., de Vos, V. and Bush, R. Mitchell. 1994. Serum concentrations of cationic minerals in free-ranging elephants (Loxodonta africana) in the Kruger National Park. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 25: 495-499.

Brown, Janine L., Wasser, S. K., Wildt, David E. and Graham, L. H. 1994. Comparative aspects of steroid hormone metabolism and ovarian activity in felids, measured non-invasively in feces. Biology of Reproduction, 51: 776-786.

Brown, Janine L., Wasser, S. K., Wildt, David E. and Graham, L. H. 1994. Steroid metabolism and the effectiveness of fecal analysis for assessing reproductive status in felids. Biology of Reproduction, 50: 185

Graham, L. H. and Brown, Janine L. 1994. Excretory fate of radiolabelled cortisol in the domestic cat. Biology of Reproduction, 50: 83

Hay, M. A., Bellem, A. C., Brown, Janine L. and Goodrowe, K. L. 1994. Reproductive patterns in tamandua (Tamandua tetradactyla). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 25: 248-258.

Johnston, L. A., Armstrong, D. L. and Brown, Janine L. 1994. Effect of season on seminal and endocrine traits in the snow leopard (Panthera uncia). Journal of reproduction and fertility, 102: 229-236.

Brown, Janine L. and Wildt, David E. 1993. Progress on noninvasively monitoring reproductive status in felids using fecal hormonal metabolites. .

Brown, Janine L., Bush, R. Mitchell, Wildt, David E., Raath, J. P., de Vos, V. and Howard, JoGayle. 1993. Effects of GnRH analogues on pituitary-testicular function in free-ranging African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Journal of reproduction and fertility, 99: 627-634.

Brown, Janine L., Packer, C., Monfort, Steven L., Bush, R. Mitchell, Pusy, A. E., O'Brien, S. J., Janssen, D. L. and Wildt, David E. 1993. Hormonal characteristics of free-ranging female lions (Panthera leo) of the Serengeti Plains and Ngorongoro Crater. Journal of reproduction and fertility, 97: 107-114.

Brown, Janine L., Schoenemann, H. M. and Chakraborty, P. K. 1993. Basal and pulsatile cortisol secretion in sheep after surgical manipulation. Journal of animal science, 71: 234

Brown, Janine L., Wasser, S. K., Howard, JoGayle, Wells, S., Lang, K., Collins, L., Raphael, B., Schwartz, R., Evans, M., Hoyt, R., Volk, T., Wildt, David E. and Graham, L. H. 1993. Development and utility of fecal progesterone analysis to assess reproductive status in felids. .

Carlstead, Kathy J., Brown, J. and Seidensticker, John. 1993. Behavioral and adrenocortical responses to environmental changes in leopard cats (Felis bengalensis). Zoo biology, 12: 321-31.

Carlstead, Kathy J., Brown, Janine L. and Strawn, W. 1993. Behavioral and physiological correlates of stress in laboratory cats. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 38: 143-158.

Monfort, Steven L., Brown, Janine L. and Wildt, David E. 1993. Episodic and seasonal rhythms of cortisol secretion in male Eld's deer (Cervus eldi thamin). Journal of Endocrinology, 138: 41-49.

Monfort, Steven L., Brown, Janine L., Bush, R. Mitchell, Wood, T. C., Wemmer, Christen M., Vargas, A., Williamson, L. R., Montali, Richard J. and Wildt, David E. 1993. Circannual inter-relationships among reproductive hormones, gross morphometry, behaviour, ejaculate characteristics and testicular histology in Eld's deer stags (Cervus eldi thamin). Journal of reproduction and fertility, 98: 471-480.

Monfort, Steven L., Brown, Janine L., Wood, T. C., Wemmer, Christen M., Vargas, A., Williamson, L. R. and Wildt, David E. 1993. Seasonal secretory patterns of basal and GnRH-induced LH, FSH, and testosterone secretion in Eld's deer stags (Cervus eldi thamin). Journal of reproduction and fertility, 98: 481-488.

Roberge, S., Brown, Janine L. and Reeves, J. J. 1993. Elevated inhibin concentrations in the follicular fluid of dairy cows with chronic cystic ovarian disease. Theriogenology, 40: 809-818.

Wildt, David E., Brown, Janine L., Bush, R. Mitchell, Barone, Mark A., Cooper, K. A., Grisham, J. and Howard, JoGayle. 1993. Reproductive status of the cheetah (Acinonyx jabatus) in North American zoos: the benefits of physiological surveys for strategic planning. Zoo biology, 12: 45-80.

Brown, Janine L., Bush, R. Mitchell, Monfort, Steven L. and Wildt, David E. 1992. Fertility regulation in female elephants: applicability and potential problems of using steroidal hormones for contraception. .

Brown, Janine L., Citino, Scott B., Nelson, M. F., Miller, C. L. and Shaw, J. 1992. Characterization of endocrine patterns during the estrous cycle and pregnancy in Baird's tapir. Biology of Reproduction, 46: 94

Bush, R. M., Howard, JoGayle, Brown, Janine L., Barone, Mark A., Cooper, K. A. and Wildt, David E. 1992. Reproductive status of cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) in North American zoos: The benefits of physiological surveys for strategic planning. .

Carlstead, M. K., Brown, Janine L., Monfort, Steven L., Killens, R. and Wildt, David E. 1992. Urinary monitoring of psychological stressors in domestic and nondomestic felids. Zoo biology, 11: 165-176.

Donoghue, Ann M., Johnston, L. A., Munson, L. A., Brown, Janine L. and Wildt, David E. 1992. Influence of gonadotropin treatment interval on follicular maturation, in vitro fertilization, circulating steroid concentrations and subsequent luteal function in the domestic cat. Biology of Reproduction, 46: 972-980.

Howard, JoGayle, Roelke, Melody E., Brown, Janine L., Anderson, A. E. and Barone, Mark A. 1992. Unique male reproductive traits of the Florida panther. Biology of Reproduction, 46: 97

Brown, Janine L., Bush, R. Mitchell, Packer, C., Pusey, A. E., Monfort, Steven L., O'Brien, S. J., Janssen, D. L. and Wildt, David E. 1991. Developmental changes in pituitary-gonadal function in free-ranging lions (Panthera leo leo) of Serengeti Plains and Ngorongoro crater. Journal of reproduction and fertility, 91: 29-40.

Brown, Janine L., Citino, Scott B., Bush, R. Mitchell, Lehnhardt, J. and Phillips, L. G. 1991. Cyclic patterns of luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, inhibin, and progesterone in the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 22: 49-57.

Brown, Janine L., Wildt, David E., Raath, J. P., de Vos, V., Howard, JoGayle, Janssen, D. L., Citino, Scott B. and Bush, R. Mitchell. 1991. Impact of season on seminal characteristics and endocrine status of adult free-ranging African buffalo (Syncerus caffer). Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 92: 47-57.

Brown, Janine L., Wildt, David E., Raath, J. P., de Vos, V., Janssen, D. L., Citino, Scott B., Howard, JoGayle and Bush, R. Mitchell. 1991. Seasonal variation in pituitary-gonadal function in free-ranging impala (Aepyceros melampus). Journal of reproduction and fertility, 93: 497-505.

Crawshaw, G. J., Brown, Janine L. and Goodrowe, K. L. 1991. Infertility in a male cheetah. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 22: 119-124.

Schiewe, M. C., Bush, R. Mitchell, de Vos, V., Brown, Janine L. and Wildt, David E. 1991. Semen characteristics, sperm freezing, and endocrine profiles in free-living wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus) and greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 22(1): 58-72.

Schiewe, M. C., Fitz, T. A., Brown, Janine L., Stuart, L. D. and Wildt, David E. 1991. Relationship of estrous synchronization method, circulating hormones, luteinizing hormone/prostaglandin F2o receptors and luteal progesterone content to premature luteal regression in superovulated sheep. Journal of reproduction and fertility, 93: 19-30.

Howard, JoGayle, Brown, Janine L., Bush, R. Mitchell and Wildt, David E. 1990. Teratospermic and normospermic domestic cats: Ejaculate traits, pituitary-gonadal hormones and improvement of sperm viability and morphology after swim-up processing. Journal of andrology, 11: 204-215.

Monfort, Steven L., Wemmer, Christen M., Brown, Janine L. and Wildt, David E. 1990. Use of urinary hormone assays for evaluating endocrine patterns associated with the long-day breeding season in Eld's deer (Cervus eldi). Journal of Experimental Zoology, 4: 215-218.

Monfort, Steven L., Wemmer, Christen M., Kepler, T. H., Bush, R. Mitchell, Brown, Janine L. and Wildt, David E. 1990. Monitoring ovarian function and pregnancy in the Eld's deer (Cervus eldi thamin) by evaluating urinary steroid metabolite excretion. Journal of reproduction and fertility, 88: 271-281.

Brown, Janine L., Wildt, David E., Phillips, L. G., Seidensticker, John, Fernando, S. B. U., Miththapala, S. and Goodrowe, K. L. 1989. Adrenal-pituitary-gonadal relationships and ejaculate characteristics in captive leopards (Panthera pardus kotiya) isolated on the island of Sri Lanka. Journal of reproduction and fertility, 85: 605-613.

Howard, JoGayle, Raphael, B. L., Brown, Janine L., Citino, Scott B., Schiewe, M. C. and Bush, R. Mitchell. 1989. Male sterility associated with karyotypic hybridization in Kirk's dik-dik (Madoqua kirki). .

Brown, Janine L., Goodrowe, K. L., Simmons, L. G., Armstrong, D. L. and Wildt, David E. 1988. Evaluation of the pituitary-gonadal response to GnRH, and adrenal status, in the leopard (Panthera pardus japonensis) and tiger (Panthera tigris). Journal of reproduction and fertility, 82: 227-236.

Wildt, David E., Phillips, L. G., Simmons, L. G., Chakraborty, P. K., Brown, Janine L., Howard, JoGayle, Teare, A. and Bush, R. Mitchell. 1988. A comparative analysis of ejaculate and hormonal characteristics of the captive male Cheetah, Tiger, Leopard, and Puma. Biology of Reproduction, 38: 245-255.

Wildt, David E., Bush, R. Mitchell, Goodrowe, K. L., Packer, C., Pusey, A. E., Brown, Janine L., Joslin, P. and O'Brien, S. J. 1987. Reproductive and genetic consequences of founding isolated lion populations. Nature, 329: 328-331.

Wildt, David E., O'Brien, S. J., Howard, JoGayle, Caro, T. M., Roelke, Melody E., Brown, Janine L. and Bush, R. Mitchell. 1987. Similarity in ejaculate-endocrine characteristics in captive versus free-ranging cheetahs of two subspecies. Biology of Reproduction, 36: 351-360.

Wildt, David E., Phillips, L. G., Simmons, L. G., Goodrowe, K. L., Howard, JoGayle, Brown, Janine L. and Bush, R. Mitchell. 1987. Seminal-endocrine characteristics of the Tiger and the potential for artificial breeding. In: Tilson, Ronald L. and Seal, Ulysses S., Tigers of the World: The Biology, Biopolitics, Management and Conservation of an Endangered Species.. Park Ridge, NJ: Noyes Publications, pp.255-279.

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