Internal Dynamics and Stellar Content of Nine Ultra-diffuse Galaxies in the Coma Cluster Prove Their Evolutionary Link with Dwarf Early-type Galaxies

Internal Dynamics and Stellar Content of Nine Ultra-diffuse Galaxies in the Coma Cluster Prove Their Evolutionary Link with Dwarf Early-type GalaxiesChilingarian, Igor V.Afanasiev, Anton V.Grishin, Kirill A.Fabricant, DanielMoran, SeanDOI: info:10.3847/1538-4357/ab4205v. 88479
Chilingarian, Igor V., Afanasiev, Anton V., Grishin, Kirill A., Fabricant, Daniel, and Moran, Sean. 2019. "Internal Dynamics and Stellar Content of Nine Ultra-diffuse Galaxies in the Coma Cluster Prove Their Evolutionary Link with Dwarf Early-type Galaxies." The Astrophysical Journal 884:79. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab4205
ID: 154712
Type: article
Authors: Chilingarian, Igor V.; Afanasiev, Anton V.; Grishin, Kirill A.; Fabricant, Daniel; Moran, Sean
Abstract: Ultra-diffuse galaxies (UDGs) are spatially extended, low surface brightness stellar systems with regular elliptical-like morphology found in a wide range of environments. Studies of the internal dynamics and dark matter content of UDGs that would elucidate their formation and evolution have been hampered by their low surface brightnesses. Here, we present spatially resolved velocity profiles, stellar velocity dispersions, ages, and metallicities for nine UDGs in the Coma cluster. We use intermediate-resolution spectra obtained with Binospec, the MMT's new high-throughput optical spectrograph. We derive dark matter fractions between 50% and 90% within the half-light radius using Jeans dynamical models. Three galaxies exhibit major axis rotation, two others have highly anisotropic stellar orbits, and one shows signs of triaxiality. In the Faber-Jackson and mass-metallicity relations, the nine UDGs fill the gap between cluster dwarf elliptical (dE) and fainter dwarf spheroidal galaxies. Overall, the observed properties of all nine UDGs can be explained by a combination of internal processes (supernovae feedback) and environmental effects (ram pressure stripping, interaction with neighbors). These observations suggest that UDGs and dEs are members of the same galaxy population. All galaxy spectra presented in this work and their best-fitting stellar population templates are available at the following permanent address: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3387745.