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Unlocking Index Animalium: From paper slips to bytes and bitsPilsk, Suzanne C.Kalfatovic, Martin R.Richard, Joel M.2016DOI: info:10.3897/zookeys.550.9673ZooKeysNo. 550153171Pensoft Publishers153–1711313-2989
Pilsk, Suzanne C., Kalfatovic, Martin R., and Richard, Joel M. 2016. "Unlocking Index Animalium: From paper slips to bytes and bits." ZooKeys (550): 153–171. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.550.9673
ID: 139226
Type: article
Authors: Pilsk, Suzanne C.; Kalfatovic, Martin R.; Richard, Joel M.
Keywords: SI-Libraries
Abstract: In 1996 Smithsonian Libraries (SIL) embarked on the digitization of its collections. By 1999, a full-scale digitization center was in place and rare volumes from the natural history collections, often of high illustrative value, were the focus for the first years of the program. The resulting beautiful books made available for online display were successful to a certain extent, but it soon became clear that the data locked within the texts needed to be converted to more usable and re-purposable form via digitization methods that went beyond simple page imaging and included text conversion elements. Library staff met with researchers from the taxonomic community to understand their path to the literature and identified tools (indexes and bibliographies) used to connect to the library holdings. The traditional library metadata describing the titles, which made them easily retrievable from the shelves of libraries, was not meeting the needs of the researcher looking for more detailed and granular data within the texts. The result was to identify proper print tools that could potential assist researchers in digital form. This paper outlines the project undertaken to convert Charles Davies Sherborn's Index Animalium into a tool to connect researchers to the library holdings: from a print index to a database to eventually a dataset. Sherborn's microcitation of a species name and his bibliographies help bridge the gap between taxonomist and literature holdings of libraries. In 2004, SIL received funding from the Smithsonian's Atherton Seidell Endowment to create an online version of Sherborn's Index Animalium. The initial project was to digitize the page images and re-key the data into a simple data structure. As the project evolved, a more complex database was developed which enabled quality field searching to retrieve species names and to search the bibliography. Problems with inconsistent abbreviations and styling of his bibliographies made the parsing of the data difficult. Coinciding with the development of the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) in 2005, it became obvious there was a need to integrate the database converted Index Animalium, BHL's scanned taxonomic literature, and taxonomic intelligence (the algorithmic identification of binomial, Latinate name-strings). The challenges of working with legacy taxonomic citation, computer matching algorithms, and making connections have brought us to today's goal of making Sherborn available and linked to other datasets. Partnering with others to allow machine-to-machine communications the data is being examined for possible transformation into RDF markup and meeting the standards of Linked Open Data. SIL staff have partnered with Thomson Reuters and the Global Names Initiative to further enhance the Index Animalium data set. Thomson Reuters' staff is now working on integrating the species microcitation and species name in the ION: Index to Organism Names project; Richard Pyle (The Bishop Museum) is also working on further parsing of the text. The Index Animalium collaborative project's ultimate goal is to successful have researchers go seamlessly from the species name in either ION or the scanned pages of Index Animalium to the digitized original description in BHL - connecting taxonomic researchers to original authored species descriptions with just a click.
The Biodiversity Heritage Library: Advancing Metadata Practices in a Collaborative Digital LibraryPilsk, Suzanne C.Person, Matthew A.DeVeer, Joseph M.Furfey, John F.Kalfatovic, Martin R.2010DOI: info:10.1080/19386389.2010.506400Journal of Library Metadatav. 10136155136–1551938-6389
Pilsk, Suzanne C., Person, Matthew A., DeVeer, Joseph M., Furfey, John F., and Kalfatovic, Martin R. 2010. "The Biodiversity Heritage Library: Advancing Metadata Practices in a Collaborative Digital Library." Journal of Library Metadata 10:136–155. https://doi.org/10.1080/19386389.2010.506400
ID: 101478
Type: article
Authors: Pilsk, Suzanne C.; Person, Matthew A.; DeVeer, Joseph M.; Furfey, John F.; Kalfatovic, Martin R.
Keywords: SI-Libraries; si-federal
Library to Library: Sharing America's SmithsonianKalfatovic, Martin R.Pilsk, Suzanne C.Nixon, Carol2002153156Medford, N.J.Information Today, Inc.153–156
Kalfatovic, Martin R. and Pilsk, Suzanne C. 2002. "Library to Library: Sharing America's Smithsonian." in Computers in Libraries 2002 Proceedings, edited by Nixon, Carol., 153–156. Medford, N.J.: Information Today, Inc..
ID: 140348
Type: chapter
Authors: Kalfatovic, Martin R.; Pilsk, Suzanne C.
Keywords: SI-Libraries; si-federal
Is there a Future for Dublin Core and Metadata in a Practical World?Kalfatovic, Martin R.Pilsk, Suzanne C.Nixon, Carol2001122125Medford, N.J.Information Today, Inc.122–125
Kalfatovic, Martin R. and Pilsk, Suzanne C. 2001. "Is there a Future for Dublin Core and Metadata in a Practical World?." in Computers in Libraries 2001 Proceedings, edited by Nixon, Carol., 122–125. Medford, N.J.: Information Today, Inc..
ID: 140349
Type: chapter
Authors: Kalfatovic, Martin R.; Pilsk, Suzanne C.
Keywords: SI-Libraries; si-federal