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Framework species approach proves robust in restoring forest on fire prone invasive grass: A case study from PanamaBoeschoten, Laura E.Breugel, Michiel vanBailon, MarioBalbuena, JohanaNuñez, MiguelCerezo, ArturoHall, Jefferson S.2020DOI: info:10.1080/10549811.2020.1746915Journal of Sustainable Forestry1191–191054-9811
Boeschoten, Laura E., Breugel, Michiel van, Bailon, Mario, Balbuena, Johana, Nuñez, Miguel, Cerezo, Arturo, and Hall, Jefferson S. 2020. "Framework species approach proves robust in restoring forest on fire prone invasive grass: A case study from Panama." Journal of Sustainable Forestry 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1080/10549811.2020.1746915
ID: 155212
Type: article
Authors: Boeschoten, Laura E.; Breugel, Michiel van; Bailon, Mario; Balbuena, Johana; Nuñez, Miguel; Cerezo, Arturo; Hall, Jefferson S.
Keywords: STRI
Abstract: Grasses and fire pose a major challenge for forest restoration. Here we evaluate a case study of reforestation in an area invaded by the tall invasive grass Saccharum spontaneum in the Panama Canal Watershed. The project objectives were to (1) replace Saccharum with a forest, (2) restore a stratified mixed species forest and (3) sequester carbon. We aimed to compare the practice of forest restoration with a treatment grounded in theory. Therefore, the first species selection method followed business-as-usual: contractors planted any combination of 130 prescribed species. The second method followed the framework species approach, a mixture of 22 species was planted to ensure early shade, create a stratified forest over time, attract seed dispersers, and for their potential to fix N2. Both treatments showed successful restoration trajectories 8.5 years after planting, they did not differ in structural characteristics (stem density, basal area, aboveground biomass, height, and amount of Saccharum). However, based on the species present, the framework approach shows more potential to become a stratified forest. As the framework approach also withstood fires much better than the business-as-usual approach, we conclude that it improves restoration success in this human-dominated landscape.
Hall et al data used in data from Boeschoten et al_Framework species approach .xlsxHall, JeffersonBailon, MarioBalbuena, JohanaNuñez, MiguelBreugel, Michiel vanCerezo, ArturoBoeschoten, Laura E.2020DOI: info:10.25573/DATA.11856117.V1The Smithsonian Institution
Hall, Jefferson, Bailon, Mario, Balbuena, Johana, Nuñez, Miguel, Breugel, Michiel van, Cerezo, Arturo, and Boeschoten, Laura E. 2020. [Dataset] "Hall et al data used in data from Boeschoten et al_Framework species approach .xlsx." Distributed by The Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.25573/DATA.11856117.V1
ID: 155999
Type: dataset
Authors: Hall, Jefferson; Bailon, Mario; Balbuena, Johana; Nuñez, Miguel; Breugel, Michiel van; Cerezo, Arturo; Boeschoten, Laura E.
Keywords: Dataset
Abstract: Reforestation data set used in analysis for Journal of Sustainable Forestry manuscript with lead author Laura Boeschoten. Mature forest data containe in independent file.
Edaphic factors and initial conditions influence successional trajectories of early regenerating tropical dry forestsEstrada‐Villegas, SergioBailón, MarioHall, Jefferson S.Schnitzer, Stefan A.Turner, Benjamin L.Caughlin, TrevorBreugel, Michiel van2019DOI: info:10.1111/1365-2745.13263Journal of Ecology1151–150022-0477
Estrada‐Villegas, Sergio, Bailón, Mario, Hall, Jefferson S., Schnitzer, Stefan A., Turner, Benjamin L., Caughlin, Trevor, and Breugel, Michiel van. 2019. "Edaphic factors and initial conditions influence successional trajectories of early regenerating tropical dry forests." Journal of Ecology 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13263
ID: 152190
Type: article
Authors: Estrada‐Villegas, Sergio; Bailón, Mario; Hall, Jefferson S.; Schnitzer, Stefan A.; Turner, Benjamin L.; Caughlin, Trevor; Breugel, Michiel van
Keywords: STRI
Abstract: Edaphic factors and initial conditions can regulate the speed of forest succession. Edaphic factors, which include soil chemistry and topography, determine soil resource availability and can filter species as forests mature. Initial plant cover early in succession can determine the rates at which secondary forests change in structure, richness, biomass and composition over time. While some of the effects of edaphic factors and initial conditions on forest succession have been studied, how they simultaneously modify young regenerating tropical forest has rarely been examined. We surveyed 22 young forests plots in Panama for 7 years (11, 6 and 3-year-old stands when censuses began). We study how tree and liana species composition change early in succession, as well as how edaphic factors (soil nutrients and topography) and initial conditions (initial basal area and forest canopy cover) influence changes in tree and liana abundance, species richness, biomass and composition throughout succession. We found that edaphic factors and initial conditions explained up to 45% of the variation in the successional trajectories for trees and lianas. Soil nutrients had a significant positive effect on the changes in tree biomass accretion, while topography significantly contributed to community similarity of large lianas over time. Initial basal area had a significant negative effect on the changes in sapling abundance and tree richness over time and a positive marginal effect on tree biomass accretion. Forest canopy cover only had a positive marginal effect on changes in sapling abundance. Tree abundance, biomass and richness increased over time, while sapling abundance, biomass and richness remained stable or decreased, probably due to community thinning. However, changes over time of small and large lianas diverged, probably due to differential resource availability that affected lianas but not trees. Synthesis. Soil fertility, topography and initial basal area influence early forest regeneration. Higher soil fertility can allow trees to fix carbon faster, and lianas might show habitat association to ridges and slopes. Basal area can determine how fast saplings and trees change in abundance, richness and biomass over time by possibly affecting space availability for recruitment and light availability for growth.
Succession of Ephemeral Secondary Forests and Their Limited Role for the Conservation of Floristic Diversity in a Human-Modified Tropical Landscapevan Breugel, MichielHall, Jefferson S.Craven, DylanBailon, MarioHernandez, AndresAbbene, Michelevan Breugel, Paulo2013DOI: info:10.1371/journal.pone.0082433PLoS ONEv. 8No. 121131–131932-6203
van Breugel, Michiel, Hall, Jefferson S., Craven, Dylan, Bailon, Mario, Hernandez, Andres, Abbene, Michele, and van Breugel, Paulo. 2013. "Succession of Ephemeral Secondary Forests and Their Limited Role for the Conservation of Floristic Diversity in a Human-Modified Tropical Landscape." PLoS ONE 8 (12):1–13. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082433
ID: 118145
Type: article
Authors: van Breugel, Michiel; Hall, Jefferson S.; Craven, Dylan; Bailon, Mario; Hernandez, Andres; Abbene, Michele; van Breugel, Paulo
Keywords: STRI