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An Indo-Pacific coral spawning databaseBaird, Andrew H.Guest, James R.Edwards, Alasdair J.Bauman, Andrew G.Bouwmeester, JessicaMera, HanakaAbrego, DavidAlvarez-Noriega, MarianaBabcock, Russel C.Barbosa, Miguel B.Bonito, VictorBurt, JohnCabaitan, Patrick C.Chang, Ching-FongChavanich, SuchanaChen, Chaolun A.Chen, Chieh-JhenChen, Wei-JenChung, Fung-ChenConnolly, Sean R.Cumbo, Vivian R.Dornelas, MariaDoropoulos, ChristopherEyal, GalEyal-Shaham, LeeFadli, NurFigueiredo, JoanaFlot, Jean-FrancoisGan, Sze-HoonGomez, ElizabethGraham, Erin M.Grinblat, MilaGutierrez-Isaza, NatalyHarii, SakiHarrison, Peter L.Hatta, MasayukiHo, Nina Ann JinHoarau, GaetanHoogenboom, MiaHowells, Emily J.Iguchi, AkiraIsomura, NaokoJamodiong, Emmeline A.Jandang, SuppakarnKeyse, JudeKitanobo, SeiyaKongjandtre, NarinratanaKuo, Chao-YangLigson, CharlonLin, Che-HungLow, JeffreyLoya, YossiMaboloc, Elizaldy A.Madin, Joshua S.Mezaki, TakumaMin, ChooMorita, MasayaMoya, AurelieNeo, Su-HweiNitschke, Matthew R.Nojima, SatoshiNozawa, YokoPiromvaragorn, SrisakulPlathong, SakananPuill-Stephan, EneourQuigley, KateRamirez-Portilla, CatalinaRicardo, GerardSakai, KazuhikoSampayo, EugeniaShlesinger, TomSikim, LeonySimpson, ChrisSims, Carrie A.Sinniger, FredericSpiji, Davies A.Tabalanza, TracyTan, Chung-HongTerraneo, Tullia I.Torda, GergelyTrue, JamesTun, KarenneVicentuan, KareenViyakarn, VoranopWaheed, ZarinahWard, SelinaWillis, BetteWoods, Rachael M.Woolsey, Erika S.Yamamoto, Hiromi H.Yusuf, SyafyudinDOI: info:10.1038/s41597-020-00793-8v. 8No. 1
Baird, Andrew H., Guest, James R., Edwards, Alasdair J., Bauman, Andrew G., Bouwmeester, Jessica, Mera, Hanaka, Abrego, David, Alvarez-Noriega, Mariana, Babcock, Russel C., Barbosa, Miguel B., Bonito, Victor, Burt, John, Cabaitan, Patrick C., Chang, Ching-Fong, Chavanich, Suchana, Chen, Chaolun A., Chen, Chieh-Jhen, Chen, Wei-Jen, Chung, Fung-Chen, Connolly, Sean R., Cumbo, Vivian R., Dornelas, Maria, Doropoulos, Christopher, Eyal, Gal, Eyal-Shaham, Lee et al. 2021. "An Indo-Pacific coral spawning database." Scientific Data 8 (1):
ID: 158627
Type: article
Authors: Baird, Andrew H.; Guest, James R.; Edwards, Alasdair J.; Bauman, Andrew G.; Bouwmeester, Jessica; Mera, Hanaka; Abrego, David; Alvarez-Noriega, Mariana; Babcock, Russel C.; Barbosa, Miguel B.; Bonito, Victor; Burt, John; Cabaitan, Patrick C.; Chang, Ching-Fong; Chavanich, Suchana; Chen, Chaolun A.; Chen, Chieh-Jhen; Chen, Wei-Jen; Chung, Fung-Chen; Connolly, Sean R.; Cumbo, Vivian R.; Dornelas, Maria; Doropoulos, Christopher; Eyal, Gal; Eyal-Shaham, Lee; Fadli, Nur; Figueiredo, Joana; Flot, Jean-Francois; Gan, Sze-Hoon; Gomez, Elizabeth; Graham, Erin M.; Grinblat, Mila; Gutierrez-Isaza, Nataly; Harii, Saki; Harrison, Peter L.; Hatta, Masayuki; Ho, Nina Ann Jin; Hoarau, Gaetan; Hoogenboom, Mia; Howells, Emily J.; Iguchi, Akira; Isomura, Naoko; Jamodiong, Emmeline A.; Jandang, Suppakarn; Keyse, Jude; Kitanobo, Seiya; Kongjandtre, Narinratana; Kuo, Chao-Yang; Ligson, Charlon; Lin, Che-Hung; Low, Jeffrey; Loya, Yossi; Maboloc, Elizaldy A.; Madin, Joshua S.; Mezaki, Takuma; Min, Choo; Morita, Masaya; Moya, Aurelie; Neo, Su-Hwei; Nitschke, Matthew R.; Nojima, Satoshi; Nozawa, Yoko; Piromvaragorn, Srisakul; Plathong, Sakanan; Puill-Stephan, Eneour; Quigley, Kate; Ramirez-Portilla, Catalina; Ricardo, Gerard; Sakai, Kazuhiko; Sampayo, Eugenia; Shlesinger, Tom; Sikim, Leony; Simpson, Chris; Sims, Carrie A.; Sinniger, Frederic; Spiji, Davies A.; Tabalanza, Tracy; Tan, Chung-Hong; Terraneo, Tullia I.; Torda, Gergely; True, James; Tun, Karenne; Vicentuan, Kareen; Viyakarn, Voranop; Waheed, Zarinah; Ward, Selina; Willis, Bette; Woods, Rachael M.; Woolsey, Erika S.; Yamamoto, Hiromi H.; Yusuf, Syafyudin
Abstract: The discovery of multi-species synchronous spawning of scleractinian corals on the Great Barrier Reef in the 1980s stimulated an extraordinary effort to document spawning times in other parts of the globe. Unfortunately, most of these data remain unpublished which limits our understanding of regional and global reproductive patterns. The Coral Spawning Database (CSD) collates much of these disparate data into a single place. The CSD includes 6178 observations (3085 of which were unpublished) of the time or day of spawning for over 300 scleractinian species in 61 genera from 101 sites in the Indo-Pacific. The goal of the CSD is to provide open access to coral spawning data to accelerate our understanding of coral reproductive biology and to provide a baseline against which to evaluate any future changes in reproductive phenology.
Broadcast spawning of Pocillopora verrucosa across the eastern and western coast of the central Red SeaBouwmeester, JessicaCoker, Darren J.Sinclair-Taylor, Tane H.Berumen, Michael L.DOI: info:10.1002/ecs2.3340v. 12No. 1e03340–e03340
Bouwmeester, Jessica, Coker, Darren J., Sinclair-Taylor, Tane H., and Berumen, Michael L. 2021. "Broadcast spawning of Pocillopora verrucosa across the eastern and western coast of the central Red Sea." Ecosphere 12 (1):e03340– e03340.
ID: 158475
Type: article
Authors: Bouwmeester, Jessica; Coker, Darren J.; Sinclair-Taylor, Tane H.; Berumen, Michael L.
Abstract: Coral spawning is a fundamental process in the preservation of coral reef systems. However, reproductive information is still rare for many coral species and across a number of locations. No reproductive information is yet available from the western coast of the central and southern Red Sea. We document here the daytime spawning of Pocillopora verrucosa across the two coasts of the central Red Sea, in Saudi Arabia on the eastern side and in Sudan on the western side. In both sites, P. verrucosa released its gametes in the morning, 1-2 d before the new moon, within a 25-day window between mid-May and mid-June, matching other known observations from the east coast of the central Red Sea. Spawning followed a period of rapidly changing sea surface temperature. We here propose that given the reproductive synchrony of P. verrucosa across both coasts, the timing of coral spawning from other species is likely to be similar as well.
Synchronized broadcast spawning by six invertebrates (Echinodermata and Mollusca) in the north-western Red SeaWebb, Alice E.Engelen, Aschwin H.Bouwmeester, Jessicavan Dijk, IngeGeerken, EsmeeLattaud, JulieEngelen, Dariode Bakker, Bernadette Bakker, Didier M.DOI: info:10.1007/s00227-021-03871-6v. 168No. 5
Webb, Alice E., Engelen, Aschwin H., Bouwmeester, Jessica, van Dijk, Inge, Geerken, Esmee, Lattaud, Julie, Engelen, Dario, de Bakker, Bernadette S., and de Bakker, Didier M. 2021. "Synchronized broadcast spawning by six invertebrates (Echinodermata and Mollusca) in the north-western Red Sea." Marine Biology 168 (5):
ID: 159183
Type: article
Authors: Webb, Alice E.; Engelen, Aschwin H.; Bouwmeester, Jessica; van Dijk, Inge; Geerken, Esmee; Lattaud, Julie; Engelen, Dario; de Bakker, Bernadette S.; de Bakker, Didier M.
Abstract: On the evenings of June 11 and 12, 2019, 5 and 6 days before full moon, broadcast spawning by four echinoderm species and two mollusc species was observed on the Marsa Shagra reef, Egypt (25 degrees 14 ' 44.2" N, 34 degrees 47 ' 49.0" E). Water temperature was 28 degrees C and the invertebrates were observed at 2-8 m depth. The sightings included a single basket star Astroboa nuda (Lyman 1874), 2 large Tectus dentatus (Forskal 1775) sea snails, 14 individuals of the Leiaster cf. leachi (Gray 1840) sea star and 1 Mithrodia clavigera (Lamarck 1816) sea star, 3 Pearsonothuria graeffei (Semper 1868) sea cucumbers, and 2 giant clams, Tridacna maxima (Roding 1798). The observations presented here provide relevant information on broadcast spawning of non-coral invertebrate taxa in the Red Sea, where spawning is considerably less well documented than in other tropical geographical regions such as the Indo-Pacific and Caribbean.
Assessing coral sperm motilityZuchowicz, NikolasDaly, JonathanBouwmeester, JessicaLager, ClaireHenley, E. MichaelLendo, C. Isabel NunezHagedorn, MaryDOI: info:10.1038/s41598-020-79732-xv. 11No. 161–61
Zuchowicz, Nikolas, Daly, Jonathan, Bouwmeester, Jessica, Lager, Claire, Henley, E. Michael, Lendo, C. Isabel Nunez, and Hagedorn, Mary. 2021. "Assessing coral sperm motility." Scientific Reports 11 (1):61– 61.
ID: 159134
Type: article
Authors: Zuchowicz, Nikolas; Daly, Jonathan; Bouwmeester, Jessica; Lager, Claire; Henley, E. Michael; Lendo, C. Isabel Nunez; Hagedorn, Mary
Abstract: The declining reproductive viability of corals threatens their ability to adapt to changing ocean conditions. It is vital that we monitor this viability quantitatively and comparatively. Computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) systems offer in-depth analysis used regularly for domestic and wildlife species, but not yet for coral. This study proposes quality control procedures and CASA settings that are effective for coral sperm analysis. To resolve disparities between CASA measurements and evaluations by eye, two negative effects on motility had to be resolved, slide adhesion (procedural) and sperm dilution (biological). We showed that the addition of bovine serum albumin, or caffeine, or both to fresh sperm reduced adhesion in the CASA cassettes, improved motility and motile sperm concentration (P<0.0001), yet these additions did not affect measurements of total sperm concentration. Diluting coral sperm reduced sperm motility (P=0.039), especially from heat-stressed corals. We found CASA concentration counts comparable to haemocytometer and flow cytometer measures (P=0.54). We also found that motile sperm per egg is a useful predictor of fertilisation success, using cryopreserved sperm. Standard measurements of coral reproductive characteristics inform our understanding of the impacts of climate change on reef populations; this study provides a benchmark to begin this comparative work.
Social-environmental drivers inform strategic management of coral reefs in the AnthropoceneDarling, Emily S.McClanahan, Tim R.Maina, JosephGurney, Georgina G.Graham, Nicholas A. J.Januchowski-Hartley, FraserCinner, Joshua E.Mora, CamiloHicks, Christina C.Maire, EvaPuotinen, MarjiSkirving, William J.Adjeroud, MehdiAhmadia, GabbyArthur, RohanBauman, Andrew G.Beger, MariaBerumen, Michael L.Bigot, LionelBouwmeester, JessicaBrenier, AmbroiseBridge, Tom C. L.Brown, EricCampbell, Stuart J.Cannon, SaraCauvin, BruceChen, Chaolun AllenClaudet, JoachimDenis, VianneyDonner, SimonEstradivari, nullFadli, NurFeary, David A.Fenner, DouglasFox, HelenFranklin, Erik C.Friedlander, AlanGilmour, JamesGoiran, ClaireGuest, JamesHobbs, Jean-Paul A.Hoey, Andrew S.Houk, PeterJohnson, StevenJupiter, Stacy D.Kayal, MohsenKuo, Chao-YangLamb, JoleahLee, Michelle A. C.Low, JeffreyMuthiga, NyawiraMuttaqin, EfinNand, YashikaNash, Kirsty L.Nedlic, OsamuPandolfi, John M.Pardede, ShintaPatankar, VardhanPenin, LucieRibas-Deulofeu, LaurianeRichards, ZoeRoberts, T. E.Rodgers, Ku'ulei S.Safuan, Che Din MohdSala, EnricShedrawi, GeorgeSin, Tsai MinSmallhorn-West, PatrickSmith, Jennifer E.Sommer, BrigitteSteinberg, Peter D.Sutthacheep, MakamasTan, Chun Hong JamesWilliams, Gareth J.Wilson, ShaunYeemin, ThamasakBruno, John F.Fortin, Marie-JoséeKrkosek, MartinMouillot, DavidDOI: info:10.1038/s41559-019-0953-8v. 31341–1350
Darling, Emily S., McClanahan, Tim R., Maina, Joseph, Gurney, Georgina G., Graham, Nicholas A. J., Januchowski-Hartley, Fraser, Cinner, Joshua E., Mora, Camilo, Hicks, Christina C., Maire, Eva, Puotinen, Marji, Skirving, William J., Adjeroud, Mehdi, Ahmadia, Gabby, Arthur, Rohan, Bauman, Andrew G., Beger, Maria, Berumen, Michael L., Bigot, Lionel, Bouwmeester, Jessica, Brenier, Ambroise, Bridge, Tom C. L., Brown, Eric, Campbell, Stuart J., Cannon, Sara et al. 2019. "Social-environmental drivers inform strategic management of coral reefs in the Anthropocene." Nature Ecology & Evolution 3:1341– 1350.
ID: 152035
Type: article
Authors: Darling, Emily S.; McClanahan, Tim R.; Maina, Joseph; Gurney, Georgina G.; Graham, Nicholas A. J.; Januchowski-Hartley, Fraser; Cinner, Joshua E.; Mora, Camilo; Hicks, Christina C.; Maire, Eva; Puotinen, Marji; Skirving, William J.; Adjeroud, Mehdi; Ahmadia, Gabby; Arthur, Rohan; Bauman, Andrew G.; Beger, Maria; Berumen, Michael L.; Bigot, Lionel; Bouwmeester, Jessica; Brenier, Ambroise; Bridge, Tom C. L.; Brown, Eric; Campbell, Stuart J.; Cannon, Sara; Cauvin, Bruce; Chen, Chaolun Allen; Claudet, Joachim; Denis, Vianney; Donner, Simon; Estradivari, null; Fadli, Nur; Feary, David A.; Fenner, Douglas; Fox, Helen; Franklin, Erik C.; Friedlander, Alan; Gilmour, James; Goiran, Claire; Guest, James; Hobbs, Jean-Paul A.; Hoey, Andrew S.; Houk, Peter; Johnson, Steven; Jupiter, Stacy D.; Kayal, Mohsen; Kuo, Chao-Yang; Lamb, Joleah; Lee, Michelle A. C.; Low, Jeffrey; Muthiga, Nyawira; Muttaqin, Efin; Nand, Yashika; Nash, Kirsty L.; Nedlic, Osamu; Pandolfi, John M.; Pardede, Shinta; Patankar, Vardhan; Penin, Lucie; Ribas-Deulofeu, Lauriane; Richards, Zoe; Roberts, T. E.; Rodgers, Ku'ulei S.; Safuan, Che Din Mohd; Sala, Enric; Shedrawi, George; Sin, Tsai Min; Smallhorn-West, Patrick; Smith, Jennifer E.; Sommer, Brigitte; Steinberg, Peter D.; Sutthacheep, Makamas; Tan, Chun Hong James; Williams, Gareth J.; Wilson, Shaun; Yeemin, Thamasak; Bruno, John F.; Fortin, Marie-Josée; Krkosek, Martin; Mouillot, David
Abstract: Without drastic efforts to reduce carbon emissions and mitigate globalized stressors, tropical coral reefs are in jeopardy. Strategic conservation and management requires identification of the environmental and socioeconomic factors driving the persistence of scleractinian coral assemblages-the foundation species of coral reef ecosystems. Here, we compiled coral abundance data from 2,584 Indo-Pacific reefs to evaluate the influence of 21 climate, social and environmental drivers on the ecology of reef coral assemblages. Higher abundances of framework-building corals were typically associated with: weaker thermal disturbances and longer intervals for potential recovery; slower human population growth; reduced access by human settlements and markets; and less nearby agriculture. We therefore propose a framework of three management strategies (protect, recover or transform) by considering: (1) if reefs were above or below a proposed threshold of >10% cover of the coral taxa important for structural complexity and carbonate production; and (2) reef exposure to severe thermal stress during the 2014-2017 global coral bleaching event. Our findings can guide urgent management efforts for coral reefs, by identifying key threats across multiple scales and strategic policy priorities that might sustain a network of functioning reefs in the Indo-Pacific to avoid ecosystem collapse.