The complete local volume groups sample - III. Characteristics of group central radio galaxies in the Local Universe

The complete local volume groups sample - III. Characteristics of group central radio galaxies in the Local UniverseKolokythas, KonstantinosO'Sullivan, EwanIntema, HuibRaychaudhury, SomakBabul, ArifGiacintucci, SimonaGitti, MyriamDOI: info:10.1093/mnras/stz2082v. 4892488–2504
Kolokythas, Konstantinos, O'Sullivan, Ewan, Intema, Huib, Raychaudhury, Somak, Babul, Arif, Giacintucci, Simona, and Gitti, Myriam. 2019. "The complete local volume groups sample - III. Characteristics of group central radio galaxies in the Local Universe." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 489:2488– 2504. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz2082
ID: 154714
Type: article
Authors: Kolokythas, Konstantinos; O'Sullivan, Ewan; Intema, Huib; Raychaudhury, Somak; Babul, Arif; Giacintucci, Simona; Gitti, Myriam
Abstract: Using new 610 and 235 MHz observations from the giant metrewave radio telescope (GMRT) in combination with archival GMRT and very large array (VLA) survey data, we present the radio properties of the dominant early-type galaxies in the low-richness subsample of the complete local-volume groups sample (CLoGS; 27 galaxy groups) and provide results for the radio properties of the full CLoGS sample for the first time. We find a high radio detection rate in the dominant galaxies of the low-richness subsample of 82 per cent (22/27); for the full CLoGS sample the detection rate is 87 per cent (46/53). The group-dominant galaxies exhibit a wide range of radio power, 1020-1025 W Hz-1 in the 235 and 610 MHz bands, with the majority (53 per cent) presenting point-like radio emission, 19 per cent hosting currently active radio jets, 6 per cent having remnant jets, 9 per cent being diffuse, and 13 per cent having no detected radio emission. The mean spectral index of the detected radio sources in the 235-610 MHz frequency range is found to be α _{235}^{610}̃0.68, and α _{235}^{1400}̃0.59 in the 235-1400 MHz one. In agreement with earlier studies, we find that the fraction of ultrasteep spectrum sources (α > 1.3) is ̃4 per cent, mostly dependent on the detection limit at 235 MHz. The majority of point-like systems are found to reside in dynamically young groups, whereas jet systems show no preference between spiral-rich and spiral-poor group environments. The mechanical power of the jet sources in the low-richness sample groups is estimated to be ̃1042-1044 erg s-1 with their black hole masses ranging between 2 × 108 and 5 × 109 M. We confirm previous findings that while radio jet sources tend to be associated with more massive black holes, black hole mass is not the decisive factor in determining jet activity or power.