The genomic signal of local environmental adaptation in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes

The genomic signal of local environmental adaptation in Aedes aegypti mosquitoesBennett, Kelly L.McMillan, W. OwenLoaiza, Jose R.DOI: info:10.1111/eva.13199
Bennett, Kelly L., McMillan, W. Owen, and Loaiza, Jose R. 2021. "The genomic signal of local environmental adaptation in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes." Evolutionary Applications https://doi.org/10.1111/eva.13199
ID: 158773
Type: article
Authors: Bennett, Kelly L.; McMillan, W. Owen; Loaiza, Jose R.
Abstract: Local adaptation is important when predicting arthropod-borne disease risk because of its impacts on vector population fitness and persistence. However, the extent that vector populations are adapted to the environment generally remains unknown. Despite low population structure and high gene flow in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes across Panama, excepting the province of Bocas del Toro, we identified 128 candidate SNPs, clustered within 17 genes, which show a strong genomic signal of local environmental adaptation. This putatively adaptive variation occurred across fine geographical scales with the composition and frequency of candidate adaptive loci differing between populations in wet tropical environments along the Caribbean coast and dry tropical conditions typical of the Pacific coast. Temperature and vegetation were important predictors of adaptive genomic variation in Ae. aegypti with several potential areas of local adaptation identified. Our study lays the foundations of future work to understand whether environmental adaptation in Ae. aegypti impacts the arboviral disease landscape and whether this could either aid or hinder efforts of population control.